Andrew Guess, Michael Lerner, Benjamin Lyons, Jacob Montgomery, Brendan Nyhan, Jason Reifler, and Neelanjan Sircar. 2020. “A digital media literacy intervention increases discernment between mainstream and false news in the United States and India.“ Proceedings of the National Academies of Sciences, 117, 27, Pp. 15536-15545.
Few people are prepared to effectively navigate the online information environment. This global deficit in digital media literacy has been identified as a critical factor explaining widespread belief in online misinformation, leading to changes in education policy and the design of technology platforms. However, little rigorous evidence exists documenting the relationship between digital media literacy and people’s ability to distinguish between low- and high-quality news online. This large-scale study evaluates the effectiveness of a real-world digital media literacy intervention in both the United States and India. Our largely encouraging results indicate that relatively short, scalable interventions could be effective in fighting misinformation around the world.